Rare Mughal Manuscript Persian Tafseer-i-Husaini from Emperor Aurangzeb's Era
An extremely rare Mughal manuscript (from the period of Aurangzeb) Tafsir-e-Husaini (Explanation of the Quran) by Mullah Hussain Waiz Kashfi.
Important to note that this explanation of the Koran is written primarily from the Shi'a perspective and is in Persian with prolific use of Arabic. Further:
1) This manuscript was copied in the 40th year of Aurangzeb rule
(corresponding to 1107 Hijri or 1695 AD) by Ahmad Bin Hussain Bin Ahmed
Lari. The calligrapher belongs to Abdul Razzaq Lari family. Abudl
Razzaq Lari was a big "mansabdar" in the dynasty of Adil Shahi of
2) The owner of this manuscript was Murad Khan, son of Shirza Khan.
Shirza Khan was appointed to a "mansab" of 7000 by Emperor Aurangzeb.
3) Zulfiqar Ali Khan was summoned from Mecca by
Emperor Aurangzeb in order to fight against the Marathas.
Provenance & Owneship Seals:
This manuscript seems to have been owned by a lineage of minor royalty
under the Mughal rule including a host of Nawab's and was finally
entered into the Mughal "kitabkhana" for a sum of three hundred rupees
(a staggering sum in the 17th Century). It must be an important manuscript
to be bought in at those prices!
Some of the other owners of the manuscript are (as established by the various ownership seals):
a) Iftikhar-ud-Daulah, Hafiz Muhammed Nasir Khan Bahadur,
Sardurul Umara, Burhanul-Mulk, Suja-ud-daula, Samsanjang,
Khursheed-u-Mulk appointed to a "mansab" of 4,000 and granted the
personal titble of Samsamjang on 26th October 1795 A.D. Hafiz Muhammed
Nasir Khan appointed as a Faujdar of Nellari in 1798 A.D and died in
b) Muhammed Habibullah Khan Hisamjang the third son of Hafiz Nasir Khan (died 5th August 1885 A.D).
c) Khair-uddin Khan Bahadur.
The manuscript was under the Mughal "umaras" and was entered into the
Mughal "Kitabkhana" (official library) at some point. The librarian was
Mohammad A'zam with the title of "Amir-ul-Umara" (could this be Nawab
Shaista Khan or the eldest son of Aurangzeb?).
General Notes & Condition:
i) The manuscript is monumental in size and in two very large volumes, each covering 15 juz of the Quran.
ii) Size of each volume is about 20" x 16" x 4" (approx.). Weight around 15 Kgs total.
iii) Condition is average for its age. Although there is worming, staining and some crude repairs throughout, text remains largely unaffected.
iv) Has been rebound later but retains flaps from the original binding. Cellophane sheets have been inserted between many pages during the re-binding.
Folio from Khamsa of Nizami, India 18th c
Exceptional Safavid Quran, Shiraz 16th Century Iran